The Boatswain's Call, ('bO-s&n)or whistle, was once the only methods other than the human voice of passing orders to men on board ship. Today more sophisticated communications systems exist but the Royal Navy, always believers in tradition, still use the Boatswain's Call as a mark of respect to pipe the Captain or special visitors on board, or for emphasizing important orders.
The boatswain was the officer in charge of rigging, sails and sailing equipment he therefore needed to issue orders more often than other officers and so the whistle was named after him.
In the old days men were rigidly trained, almost like sheepdogs, to respond immediately to the piping of the Call. At sea, in moments of danger - particularly in storms - they could be counted on the hear the high-pitched tones of the Call, and react without delay. A shouted order may not have been heard above the sound of howling wind and lashing waves. Instructions to hoist sails, haul or let go ropes were conveyed by different notes and pitches.
It is known that the galley slaves of Rome and Greece kept stroke to the sound of a flute or whistle similar to the Boatswain's Call.
It was first used on English ships in the thirteenth century, during the crusades and became known as "The Call" about 1670 when the Lord High Admiral wore a gold whistle as a badge of rank. This was known as the "Whistle of Honour."
The ordinary whistle of command was issued in silver and often each officer had his own Call decorated with rope designs and ship's anchors.
Each section of the Boatswain's Call has a nautical name. The is the buoy; the mouthpiece is the gun; the ring is called the shackle and the leaf is called the keel.